Author Topic: Pseudo-"wet"- BH4 amination BH4  (Read 2572 times)

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Bandil

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Pseudo-"wet"- BH4 amination BH4
« on: April 28, 2004, 06:30:00 PM »
Hi!

Bariums wet reductive-amination, has gained great use throughout this forum. Although it gives nice yields - they are always lower than when using anhydrous conditions (mostly because some of the ketone is reduced to the alcohol), because the imine is formed in equilibrium with the ketone. Under anhydrous conditions the imine is in a rather "pure" state.

In order to push the limits on this reaction, i decided to turn to my old love - molecular sieves  :) , and test the usefullness in this reaction.

para-fluoro-P2P was aminated with a 40% commercial aqueous methylamine solution in the following manner:

25 mmole pfP2P was dissolved in 30 mL's IPA (predried with MgSO4). 40 mmole methylamine (3.1 g 40% aqueous solution) was put in the same beaker. Subsequently 15 g's1 3A molecular sieves was added, and the whole mess stirred for two hours at room temperature.

The sieves where filtered off2 and rinsed with an additional small amount of dry IPA. The combined IPA/imine was put in a flask and stirred. 1 g NaBH43 was added in one portion, to this and stirred violently overnight at room temperature. The flask was covered with some foil during the night.

A control experiment was made with the exact same amounts, using the "normal" wet-amination scheme, in order to get some usefull results4. This was also reduced overnight.

The following day, both flasks where quenched with acetic acid (untill pH = 2). Totally 50 mL's of water was added to each. The IPA was stripped at atmospherical pressure. The water in the "dry" flask was completely clear after stripping, while the control flask was somewhat unclear with some yellowish oil remaining(probably pfP2Pol). The acidic water phases where washed with 2*20 mL's toluene. Basifying with NaOH caused a white oil to precipitate. This was extracted with 3*20 mL's DCM. The DCM phases where dried over epsom salt, and the solvent stripped.

Both the experiments gave a sligthly yellow tinted oil (GC-MS has not been conducted yet). The "dry" flask gave 3.4 g's of p-fluoro-methamphetamine, and the wet one gave 2.4 g's. This corresponds to a 81% and 58% yield. Thus using molecular sieves (which are dirt-cheap and reuseable, its possible to greatly improve the yields on this easy reaction.) The reaction is still "wet", meaning that the need for alcoholic methylamine has been eliminated. Methylamine generated in-situ from the hydrochloride and an alkali hydroxide can most likely be used just as easy.

I'd advice everyone to get some sieves - they truly rock.

Now ill go flush that evil N-methylated amphetamine down some drain - its probably evil  ;)

Regards
Bandil

Notes:
1:
Theoretically 12 g's should be used (20% absorbance) - just added a litte extra to be sure.

2:
To reuse them, they where rinsed with dilute HCl, and then pure water a few times. After a few hours in the oven, they are ready to go again.

3:
Way to much borohydride - half is more than enough. Was just to lazy to crush those tablets.

4:
I am rarely able to get the same yields as Barium, due to my somewhat more "sloppy" nature. Thus i ran a control experiment, to check things out. It was also done in order to get some usefull data - and not just another drug candidate  ;)


Barium

  • Guest
What can I say
« Reply #1 on: April 28, 2004, 06:37:00 PM »
Two tumbs up Bandil! :)  
It truly warms my heart to see my methods being used and improved.

XrLeap

  • Guest
Methylamine generated in-situ from the ...
« Reply #2 on: July 31, 2004, 05:55:00 AM »


Methylamine generated in-situ from the hydrochloride and an alkali hydroxide can most likely be used just as easy.




hi Bandil:)

Can someone use the methylamine.hcl and NaOH solution as in Barium's wet amination(to generate methylamine gas in situ) and seperate them apart from the IPA(since they don't mix well), then stir with the mol sieves, then proceed to add NaBH4 with the usual workup?

Sorry about the long sentence and SWIM is not able to make his question short..... :-[




zero_nrg

  • Guest
isopropyl and h20
« Reply #3 on: August 02, 2004, 12:59:00 AM »
Unless I´m mistaken, isopropyl alcohol is completely miscible with water.  Also, assuming you could do what you suggest, why would you need the molecular sieves after the formation of the imine?
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Can someone use the methylamine.hcl and NaOH solution as in Barium's wet amination(to generate methylamine gas in situ) and seperate them apart from the IPA(since they don't mix well), then stir with the mol sieves, then proceed to add NaBH4 with the usual workup?
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Rhodium

  • Guest
In their pure state they are miscible
« Reply #4 on: August 02, 2004, 03:47:00 AM »
Unless I´m mistaken, isopropyl alcohol is completely miscible with water.

In their pure state they are miscible, but water with dissolved salts is not fully miscible with IPA.


XrLeap

  • Guest
Hi Bandil, Thanks for taking time to answer my
« Reply #5 on: August 27, 2004, 01:31:00 PM »
Hi Bandil,

Thanks for taking time to answer my rather stupid questions :-[ .

SWIM would like to understand in this Pseudo-"wet"- BH4 amination BH4, why is it that the alkali hydroxide is not used to push the methylamine out from water to IPA? Was it because that methylamine.hcl was used in Barium's, 40% aq was used in this case?

Was it that the mol sieves(3A) has "sucked" away the H20 and the gas would just go into IPA?

Wouldn't the mol sieves also "suck" away the methylamine a bit?

Was the stirring of before filtering the mol sieves violent, just as violent as Barium's method?

Lastly, another stupid question which SWIM has posted in another thread. The NaBH4 was added as in solid form, not as solution? Can one use IPA as solvent and then add them into the main mixture?

Oops, so many questions, so little knowledge of SWIM's :-[ .


armageddon

  • Guest
Mol. sieves
« Reply #6 on: August 29, 2004, 09:30:00 PM »
Molecular sieves are able of absorbing molecules smaller than a certain diameter (with 3A sieves, this is 3 Angstrom), with 3A sieves being only able to absorb water and every molecule being smaller than water.

But methylamine is way bigger than water, when seen as a molecule. So the sieves take up water while leavingbehind the methylamine(g), which is instead taken up in the IPA.

Hence they are called "sieves"...

Greetz A


XrLeap

  • Guest
SWIM attempted this Pseudo-"wet"-...
« Reply #7 on: September 10, 2004, 08:43:00 PM »
SWIM attempted this Pseudo-"wet"- BH4 amination BH4 with MDP2P, faced a serious problem. The NaBH4 wouldn't dissolve in the dry IPA......

SWIM tried to just dissolve NaBH4 in IPA, it was not able to dissolve even 0.5g in 50ml(under room temperature). Pls help as how this can be done, with what temperature?


armageddon

  • Guest
I guess if you're using fairly dry IPA, you...
« Reply #8 on: September 10, 2004, 09:46:00 PM »
I guess if you're using fairly dry IPA, you could expect the NaBH4 to not dissolve at once - therefore Bandil suggested to dump it in all at once and let react overnight...

(I would at least guess that the reason for the slow rxn he mentions is exactly this low solubility - right?)

greetz


Offline thinkgeek

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Re: Pseudo-
« Reply #9 on: July 05, 2016, 03:35:04 AM »
sorry to resurrect subbing for research